Ruptured diaphragm dog

Diaphragmatic Hernia in Dogs - Dog Owners - Merck

Diaphragmatic Hernia in Dogs - Dog Owners - Veterinary Manua

Diaphragmatic Hernia in Dogs - Pet Health Networ

Rupture of the diaphragm is an acquired condition that often has a traumatic origin in small animals. The rupture is not a true hernia as the parietal peritoneum is disrupted and displaced organs are not contained within a defined hernial sac 1. vet rec. 1965 jul 17;77:830-7. rupture of the diaphragm: report of 32 cases in dogs and cats. walker rg, hall lw. pmid: 14331484 [pubmed - indexed for medline Diaphragmatic Rupture Trauma is the most common cause of diaphragmatic ruptures in small animals. 33,34 Therefore a diaphragmatic rupture should be suspected in any dog or cat with respiratory distress after a traumatic event. Furthermore, other obvious clinical lesions may not be present in 48% of cases of traumatic diaphragmatic ruptures. 3

Rupture of the Diaphragm in the Dog W.R. McKinna, M.R.C.V.S., D.V.S.M. Huddersfield Huddersfield . Recommended articles Citing articles (0). View Abstrac While diaphragmatic hernia can occur in any dog or cat, as most dogs and cats that suffer diaphragmatic hernias have been hit by a car or have experienced some other type of trauma, most dogs are young intact males, and most affected cats spend time outdoors. In most cases, acute diaphragmatic hernia results in significant respiratory difficulty

A rupture or tear in the diaphragm means the abdominal organs can migrate into the chest cavity where they will interfere with breathing. This is called diaphragmatic hernia. In dogs, this is most commonly caused by trauma to the abdomen, but it can also be congenital. Symptoms of Hernia (Diaphragmatic) in Dogs The most common congenital hernia involving the diaphragm is a peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia. Whenever this defect is suspected, a thorough examination (i.e., physical, radiographic, cardiovascular) for evidence of further midline defects (i.e., umbilical hernia, atrial and ventricular septal defects, cleft palate) should be performed A hole in the diaphragm allows the internal organs to enter the chest cavity, making it difficult for your dog to breath. These hernias can either be congenital or the result of an injury; most commonly, being hit by a car. Perineal: When the muscles of the pelvis tear, abdominal contents enter the area adjacent to the anus Twenty-one cats and six dogs that presented to a first-opinion clinic with signs of dyspnea and muffled cardiac auscultation received ultrasonography to look for signs of diaphragmatic rupture. The presence or absence of diaphragmatic rupture was subsequently determined on the basis of unequivocal radio-graphic signs, surgical findings, or. But about a month ago, that's where a car ran over Ollie, leaving the little dog with a ruptured diaphragm and a broken leg. Stephen was told she'd have to be put down. But veterinarian.

Anesthesia: for ruptured diaphragm dogs Vetlexicon

  1. Diaphragmatic hernia in dogs. To understand a diaphragmatic hernia in dogs, it is necessary to understand what the diaphragm is. This is the muscle that separates the abdomen and the chest. When this thin muscle is torn or disrupted, the conditions is a diaphragmatic hernia or diaphragmatic rupture.A form of diaphragmatic hernia known as peritoneal-pericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) is.
  2. Most commonly, diaphragmatic hernia is caused by a trauma such as being hit by a car or other forceful blow. Therefore, diaphragmatic hernias occur most commonly in animals that are allowed to roam outdoor and in male dogs. The pressure of such an impact causes a tear in the diaphragm, allowing an internal organ to protrude through the rip
  3. Facing Euthanasia, Local Shelter Offers Dog Dad Hope For His Injured Pup. Stephen Foster works as a part-time maintenance man at a gas station in Dade City, Florida. Since the recent death of his wife of 35 years, Stephen has come to rely on the love and companionship of his little dog, Ollie. The pooch even accompanies him to work, happily.
  4. ation, Dr. Glenn discovered that Ollie had internal injuries in addition to her broken leg and would need to undergo surgery. The PCAS medical team, along with volunteers from the Humane Society of Tampa Bay, went to work repairing Ollie's ruptured diaphragm. Her prognosis was guarded, but she proved to be a fighter, heading into.
  5. e is a useful induction agent in dogs with diaphragmatic rupture. Propofol can be used for induction of anesthesia but induces hypotension and increases the irritability of the myocardium particularly in patients with traumatic myocarditis
  6. Hernia - Diaphragmatic in Dogs. What is a diaphragmatic hernia? The diaphragm is the muscular partition that separates the abdomen and the chest. Tearing or disruption of this thin muscle is called adiaphragmatic hernia or diaphragmatic rupture. The terms can be used synonymously

Animals with diaphragmatic rupture will fall into: Class 4 (high risk) Class 5 (grave risk) depending on the severity of respiratory impairment, other injuries and concurrent disease One false-positive diagnosis of ruptured diaphragm occurred in a dog with an abscess involving the left lung and pleural cavity, which was misinterpreted on ultrasonography as a fluid-filled stomach within the thorax (Fig. 2). In this dog, there was a small volume of fluid observed adjacent to the abscess on the cranial aspect of the liver, but.

Diaphragmatic rupture in dogs and cats Part 1: Diagnosis. Rosa Angela Ragni MRCVS, THE BEAUMONT ANIMALS' HOSPITAL, THE ROYAL VETERINARY COLLEGE, ROYAL COLLEGE STREET, LONDON. NW1 0TU. Search for more papers by this author. Alasdair Hotston Moore MA VetMB CertSAC CertVR CertSAS MRCVS With traumatic diaphragmatic hernia, the diaphragmatic costal muscles are more often ruptured than the central tendon, and the stronger crural muscles are seldom ruptured. 2,92,110 Overall, left-to-right distribution is probably uniform in dogs and cats, with about 15% being bilateral or multiple. 2,39,92,110 Whereas the orientation of tears in. Subsequently, the dog developed diaphragmatic eventration due to diaphragmatic fragility. Diaphragmatic eventration is a very rare disorder in small animals and can be difficult to diagnose based solely on physical and radiographic examinations. Keywords: diaphragm, dyspnea, canine, muscle atrophy, eventration, histopathology Since then, he has been gradually developing symptoms consistent with a ruptured diaphragm. This kind of injury is known for having a delayed presentation. He gets attacks of very painful spasms, horizontally across the chest exactly where the diaphragm is

Diaphragmatic Hernia American College of Veterinary

  1. al organs and blood vessels, making the dog feel lethargic and uncomfortable. If the bladder is ruptured, then urine will leak into the abdomen
  2. Diaphragmatic rupture (also called diaphragmatic injury or tear) is a tear of the diaphragm, the muscle across the bottom of the ribcage that plays a crucial role in respiration.Most commonly, acquired diaphragmatic tears result from physical trauma.Diaphragmatic rupture can result from blunt or penetrating trauma and occurs in about 5% of cases of severe blunt trauma to the trunk
  3. The diaphragm is a large muscle that sits below the lungs and heart. The diaphragm is important as it is the primary muscle that facilitates breathing. When the diaphragm contracts, it becomes smaller, causing the lungs to expand in the chest cavity and allowing air to move into the lungs (inhaling)
  4. al pressure causes the diaphragm to stretch and rupture. Liver, spleen and intestines are the organs most commonly herniated into the thoracic cavity.(1) The muscular portion of the diaphragm, at its ventral and lateral aspects, is the most frequently torn area
  5. Diaphragmatic Hernias in Dogs. The diaphragm is the muscular partition that separates the abdomen and the chest. Tearing or disruption of this thin muscle is called a diaphragmatic hernia or diaphragmatic rupture. The most common cause of diaphragmatic hernia is blunt force trauma. Clinical signs depend on the severity of herniation
  6. al organs from your dog's heart and lungs is called the diaphragm. A hernia in the diaphragm means the abdo
  7. Perioperative survival rates after surgery for diaphragmatic hernia in dogs and cats: 92 cases (1990-2002). Gibson TW, Brisson BA, Sears W. J Am Vet Med Assoc, 227(1):105-109, 01 Jul 2005 Cited by: 9 articles | PMID: 1601354

vealingeventration of the diaphragm. The presence of extraneous shadows above the diaphragm, such as gas-containing or homogeneous areas, along with a shift of the mediastinal structures away from this side was extremely suggestive of a ruptured dia- Fig. 3.—Use of gastric tube to confirm diagnosis of rup¬ tured diaphragm; phragm (fig. 2). Discoid collapse of the lung ad¬ jacent to these. Other causes of ruptured bladder cannot be prevented. In-depth Information on Urinary Bladder Rupture in Dogs. Rupture of the urinary bladder is a serious consequence of major trauma or underlying urinary tract disease and is the most common cause of uro-abdomen, which is the presence of urine within the abdominal cavity, in small animals

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It is a fairly rare finding in IVDD dogs who have ruptured a disc, but when a dog has had a very severe, traumatic rupture, Myelomalacia is always a potential complication that must be considered. As the cord death moves towards the head, it will eventually reach the diaphragm and cause paralysis which leads to the patient's death. The. Gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) is an acute, life-threatening disorder in dogs, characterized by abnormal twisting of the stomach on its mesenteric axis, with subsequent gastric gas accumulation and distention. Sequelae of GDV can include decreased venous return to the heart, hypovolemia, gastric ischemia, systemic hypotension, myocardial. Rupture of the gravis uterus after injury (rare) Diaphragm and Abdominal Wall; Umbilical hernia; Abdominal hernia; Injury; Congenital problems or defects; Body Systems Affected. Several systems of the body can be affected by the causes of dog stomach pain including: Behavioral; Cardiovascular due to inflammation; Decreased blood supply (called. Diaphragmatic hernia is a disruption in the continuity of the diaphragm with subsequent shift of abdominal viscera into the thorax. Causes are trauma (more common in dogs), substantial increase in abdominal pressure (eg, dystocia; more common in horses), or congenital (more common in cats)

Diseases of the Diaphragm - rupture, dog, spasm, brought

  1. Guide to Your Dog's Splenectomy. Splenectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of the spleen. This procedure, which can be performed on humans, dogs, and other animals, is most commonly performed for tumors of the spleen, trauma or torsion, which is the twisting of the blood vessels supplying the spleen
  2. Get free ebook here: https://www.veterinarysecrets.com/news/How to know if your dog is a candidate for non surgical treatment of an injured cruciate ligament..
  3. al cavity to bulge into the area surrounding the anus (the perineum). The condition predo
  4. Tissue samples for histopathology were collected from the splenic rupture site, diaphragm, peri-renal adipose tissue, kidneys, liver, lungs, heart (left and right atria and auricles), skeletal muscle, and interdigital skin nodules. Based on staging criteria, this dog had stage II HSA, as rupture had occurred but no distant metastases were.
  5. al contents such as the liver, stomach, or intestines may herniate through the hole, enter the chest cavity and put pressure upon the heart and lungs

The diaphragm is the muscular partition that separates the abdomen and the chest. Tearing or disruption of this thin muscle is called a diaphragmatic hernia or diaphragmatic rupture. The most common cause of diaphragmatic hernia is blunt force trauma. Clinical signs are dependent on the severity of herniation. There is often respiratory distress, an abnormal heart rhythm, muffled heart and. DIAPHRAGMATIC rupture is characterised by the protrusion of abdominal viscera into the chest as a result of a breach in the musculotendinous sheet dividing the thoracic and abdominal cavities. This breach is usually the result of blunt trauma involving the abdominal cavity, commonly caused by a blow from a motor vehicle, although falls and. Tumors of the Nose and Sinuses. Tumors of the nose and sinuses account for about 1 to 2% of all canine tumors. The incidence is slightly higher in males and in older dogs. The average age at time of diagnosis is 9.5-10 years of age. In dogs, virtually all of these tumors are cancerous (malignant). Long-nosed and medium-nosed breeds appear to.

Diaphragmatic Hernias: Diagnosis and Emergency Treatment

Perineal Hernia or Rupture in Dogs. Posted on October 22, 2013 by Rita Ranch Pet Hospital. Perineal (around the rectum) hernias result from weakening or complete failure of the muscular diaphragm of the pelvis. Normally, the pelvic diaphragm allows for rectal support and keeps the abdominal contents from encroaching on the rectum Dogs that have untreated primary liver tumors (specifically hepatocellular carcinoma) are 15 times more likely to die of tumor-related complications than dogs that have had their tumors removed. Liver tumors are fragile and may rupture at any time, thus may cause life-threatening internal bleeding. A tumor may compress the main bile duct that.

In some cases, en bloc excision of the diaphragm is required, and in many instances diaphragmatic replacement is necessary using a variety of thin plastic prostheses, if a wide resection is required. Attempts at primary repair under tension, especially on the left side, may lead to diaphragmatic rupture and herniation One form of diaphragmatic hernia, a peritoneal-pericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) is congenital, and is due to defective development of the fetus. This condition is most often found in puppies or kittens and should be considered separately from the traumatic type of diaphragmatic herniation or rupture The diaphragm is an important respiratory muscle. It's large, dome-shaped, and found below the lungs, around your lower-to-middle rib cage. When you inhale, your diaphragm lowers and helps your. A perineal rupture (sometimes called a perineal hernia) is a weakness or separation of the muscles of the pelvic diaphragm. The pelvic diaphragm is formed from a group of muscles that are situated around the rectum and form the caudal (back) wall of the abdominal cavity. A perineal rupture is an abnormal hole in this diaphragm or sheet of.

Four thoracic evacuation techniques for pneumothorax elimination after diaphragmatic defect closure were compared in 40 canine cadavers. After creating a defect in the left side of the diaphragm, thoracic drainage was performed by thoracostomy tube insertion through the defect and a small (DD-SP) or large (DD-LP) puncture created in the caudal mediastinum, or through both the diaphragmatic. Canine patient. A definitive diagnosis and extent of the injury by laparoscopic technique When the diaphragm is ruptured, both breathing and circulation can be affected and abdominal contents can spill into the chest cavity, reducing the effective lung volume. Blunt trauma to the lung and abdominal area is one cause of blowing out the diaphragm in a condition called rupture of the diaphragm

Thorax: normal medium dog - radiograph lateral

Ruptured Diaphragm in Dogs Horse and Hound Foru

LLT should be considered as a differential diagnosis for respiratory tract disease following diaphragmatic rupture repair. Key words: diaphragmatic rupture, dog, lung lobe torsion Right cranial lung lobe torsion after a diaphragmatic rupture repair in a Jack Russell terrie Both dogs and cats of any age can be affected by an idiopathic chylous effusion. IV fluids, control of bleeding disorders if present, possibly surgery for diaphragmatic hernias, thoracic duct rupture, lung lobe torsions etc. Obviously the treatment is tailored to the underlying cause, if one can be identified. A chest tube is often placed. Dogs can be used as a model for laparoscopic creation of diaphragmatic rupture for research and education purposes. Laparoscopic correction of experimentally created diaphragmatic rupture in dogs is feasible with intra-corporeal suturing. The possibility of a friable liver is a complicating factor that should be taken into account

hernia repair (diaphragmatic) - $1,095 A hernia is caused by trapping of tissue between torn muscle and skin causing a pouch. They are most commonly located at the umbilicus (belly button area), inguinal area, perineal (next to the rectum), or in the diaphragm (the muscle between the chest and the abdomen) although they can occur anywhere. Post-operative care for patients after surgery for a ruptured diaphragm The diaphragm is the muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. It is the main muscle used during breathing. During trauma like falls from a height or involving vehicle collisions, the diaphragm can tear or rupture. This lets abdominal organs like the intestines, th I need a vet's opinion (diaphragmatic rupture) [URGENT] Hello I need help deciding what to do next to in order to save my beloved dog since he is in a life threatening condition, Ruffo is a two-year, 31 kg(66.1 pounds),-Old English Sheepdog, which we rescued a year ago he's always been playful and full of love, makes friend with every dog he sees and even tries to pet our cat with his. Ruptured diaphragm - severely labored breathing What Could Happen. When breathing problems go unnoticed, chances of your dog's recovery and survival may be significantly diminished, because your dog may not receive necessary treatment in time. You should monitor any breathing problems that arise closely, always taking your dog to the vet as. Dog bloat is a serious condition that can cause the death of your pet. Here's what to know about it. Rupture of the stomach wall; Pressure on the diaphragm that inhibits the lungs from expanding, which prevents normal breathing functions

Diaphragmatic rupture - Wikipedi

Meet Chai. She was ran over as a pup, had a ruptured diaphragm, 2 broken legs, vet said 10% to live . She just turned Thoracic radiography of both dogs revealed pneumothorax and pleural effusion with effacement of the diaphragm; findings on CT included severe pulmonary atelectasis of affected lung lobes with normal bronchial tree configurtion and no evidence of diaphragmatic hernia. A large hematoma was adhered to the ruptured lung lobe of dog 1. Grossly.

Diaphragmatic Rupture - WikiVet Englis

Hi I wondered if anyone has experienced a Cat that survived a ruptured diaphragm and what their recovery rate was?? My Cat was hit by a Car last week and had a live saving op for a ruptured diaphragm and he is home now and beginning to recover well, but he can not pee on his own accord and I keep having to take him back to the Vet for the Bladder to be massaged empty Pleural effusion in dogs happens when there is a buildup of fluid in the area of the chest known as the pleural cavity, which is the sterile space surrounding the lungs and heart. When this occurs.

Diaphragm | Anatomy Lectures | Medical Education Videos

However, the healthy diaphragm supports this process, which is why the risk of reflux increases in case of a rupture. Possibly the upper end of the diaphragmatic hernia narrows and a so-called treasure-ki ring is formed. As a result, patients suffer from swallowing disorders or steakhouse syndrome: a piece of meat gets stuck and clogs the. Sebaceous adenoma in dogs is the most common type of tumor. Fortunately, it's harmless and non-cancerous. Here's everything you should know about it Radiological features of 80 cases of diaphragmatic rupture Radiological features of 80 cases of diaphragmatic rupture Sullivan, M.; Lee, R. 1989-10-01 00:00:00 INTRODUCTION Rupture of the diaphragm in the dog and cat usually results from blunt trauma to the trunk and is most often a result of collision with motor vehicles, although in some cases the cause cannot be determined Atlas of anatomy on x-ray images of the dog. This module of vet-Anatomy is a basic atlas of normal imaging anatomy of the dog on radiographs. 51 sampled x-ray images of healthy dogs performed by Susanne AEB Borofka (PhD - dipl. ECVDI, Utrecht, Netherland) were categorized topographically into seven chapters (head, vertebral column, thoracic limb, pelvic limb, larynx/pharynx, thorax and abdomen. Diaphragmatic rupture in a dog. Diaphragmatic rupture is a common and well-known complication of blunt abdominal trauma in cats and dogs. The organs that herniate into the pleural cavity are determined by the location of the rupture. They are most commonly circumferential tears that occur at the attachment of the diaphragm and rib

Twenty-one cats and six dogs that presented to a first-opinion clinic with signs of dyspnea and muffled cardiac auscultation received ultrasonography to look for signs of diaphragmatic rupture. The presence or absence of diaphragmatic rupture was subsequently determined on the basis of unequivocal radiographic signs, surgical findings, or necropsy Diaphragmatic hernia in dogs. This hole allows internal organs to enter your dog s chest cavity which can cause breathing difficulty. Unfortunately it rsquo s estimated that about 15 of dogs with diaphragmatic hernias from trauma die before they can be treated. This is the muscle that separates the abdomen and the chest Inguinal hernias tend to occur in older female dogs and pregnant dogs are at higher risk. Perineal Hernias are found in the pelvis area and the typical patient is a middle-aged male dog that has not been neutered. Diaphragmatic Hernias can make it hard for a dog to breathe properly as the hernia protrudes into the diaphragm. This type of hernia. A rupture of the diaphragm is a rare side effect of the underlying trauma, X-ray of a right-sided diaphragmatic rupture in a dog with dislocation of the liver (4), spleen (7) and stomach (8). 3 shows the left diaphragm attachment line obtained. Diagnosis This organ is located in the abdomen next to the diaphragm and stomach with most of it being on the right side of your dog. It is dark red in color and has multiple lobes. The liver plays a vital role in detoxifying the body, producing red blood cells, clotting blood, digesting food, and other functions necessary for life

A police dog in Arkansas has died, but the circumstances

Rupture of The Diaphragm: Report of 32 Cases in Dogs and Cats

A dog with a hernia may lose his appetite, vomit, cough, suffer difficulty breathing, drool, refuse to drink water, stop going to the bathroom, develop a fever, develop significant swelling at the site of the hernia and appear to be in severe pain. As the tissue dies inside the dog, his other organs may fail as a result of toxins being released. 1. Wilson GP, Newton CD, Burt JK. A review of 116 diaphragmatic hernias in dogs and cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1971; 159:1142-1145 2. Minihan AC, Berg J, Evans KL. Chronic diaphragmatic hernia in 34 dogs and 16 cats. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2004 Jan-Feb;40(1):51-63. 3 The diaphragm is the muscular partition that separates the abdomen and the chest. Tearing or disruption of this thin muscle is called a diaphragmatic hernia or diaphragmatic rupture. The terms can be used synonymously with diaphragmatic hernia incorporating congenital forms such as peritoneal-pericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH)

Video: Diaphragm Rupture - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

increased heart rate. rapid breathing. low blood pressure. fever. chills. vomiting, which may include blood. pain or stiffness in your neck in the case of a perforation in the cervical area. Learn. Diaphragmatic hernias are considered to be the most severe and serious type of hernia that affects the dog. When a tear, rupture or rip occurs on the diaphragm, which is the muscular wall that divides the chest region and the lungs from the other important organs, liver and intestines, it then allows them to enter the opening Wood Veterinary Group. 11 hrs ·. The symptoms of itching in dogs with allergies can vary from mild to severe, decreasing their quality of life and yours. If your dog is scratching more than usual, contact us today on 01452 543990 to book an appointment and find out more about the treatments we can provide you and your pet the relief you need. 55 Diaphragmatic: the diaphragm is the large sheet of muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdomen. While trauma and congenital defects can cause defects at any point along the diaphragm, there are two specific subtypes of diaphragmatic hernia which are known to occur as congenital defects in puppies

Diaphragmatic Hernias in Dogs and Cats. Diets and Heart Disease in Dogs and Cats. Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Dogs and Cats. Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE) in Dogs Ruptured Cranial Cruciate Ligaments in Dogs. Safe Toys for Puppies. Seizures and Convulsions: First Aid. Shar-pei Special Needs and Cautions The ruptured diaphragm is a VERY common problem with Shimano brakes and perhaps it's necessary to raise discussion on the futility of offering one-time use parts in the modern world where sustainability is a bigger and bigger concern for many companies A seven-year-old male Jack Russell terrier was presented with a history of coughing, generalised weakness and lethargy 10 days after an abdominal coeliotomy to repair a large diaphragmatic rupture. Thoracic radiographs demonstrated a soft tissue mass in the midcaudal right thoracic cavity. Ultrasonographic studies, bronchoscopy and subsequent exploratory thoracotomy confirmed a diagnosis of a. Diaphragmatic Hernia, Rupture, Eventration in Dogs, Cats and Pigs. drklsb. Font size Although this form of rupture is fortunately, quite rare, when it occurs, most often the only humane option for these pets is euthanasia. The resulting Myelomalacia is typically progressively ascending until it reaches the nerves that control the diaphragm, causing paralysis and suffocation

Imaging of Diaphragmatic Injury: A Diagnostic ChallengeHarkstead/Newmarket: Miracle Reggie given the all clear5 common locum tenens mistakes and how to avoid themChipping Norton Veterinary Hospital - Posts | Facebook

Diaphragmatic hernias occur in the diaphragm, the muscle that divides the abdominal and chest cavities. In this type of hernia, intestines and organs can slip through a weakness in the diaphragm and come to rest in the chest cavity, placing pressure on the lungs. Complications of Hernias in Dogs. Untreated hernias can be fatal 9. Perineal hernia • It is abnormal protrusion/ displacement of pelvic or abdominal viscera through the weakened/ruptured pelvic diaphragm into the region around the anus called the perineum. • It occurs when the perineal muscles separate, allowing the rectal, pelvic or abdominal contents to displace. • It is common in dog and un common. Perineal hernia in dogs isn't a fatal condition in itself, but if it involves other organs, it may require emergency surgery. This ailment usually affects older male dogs, when certain muscles of the body begin to lose tone.. Hernias manifest with the bulging of the adjacent region they appear in, so the most common thing you'll see in a pet is a lump Diaphragmatic ruptures in cats are often seen following trauma and can cause severe respiratory distress. This article reflects on the author's experience of providing emergency nursing care to a 2-year-old, domestic short hair cat, with a traumatic diaphragmatic rupture. In order to provide effective nursing care it is essential for the veterinary nurse to understand the effects of shock in. His diaphragm can be reinforced with a surgical mesh or nearby muscle flap to close the rupture entirely. Neutering is recommended to minimize hormones and reduce the size of the prostate, which will decrease the chances of another perineal hernia. Recovery of Perineal Hernia in Dogs